Top 10 Largest Islands in the World

The following is a list of the ten biggest islands on earth. An island is defined an area of land or landmass that is surrounded entirely by water. This is a list of the largest islands in the world based on the total land area.

For each island you will learn the area in square kilometers and square miles, the ocean it is located in and the nation it is part of. The top ten largest islands on earth (ranked from largest to smallest) are:

IslandAreaNationLocationMap Outline
1Greenland (main island)
The least densely populated country in the world with 0.139 people per 0.290 per sq.mile.
2,130,800 km²
822,700 sq. mi.
(Kingdom of Denmark)
Greenland on World Map
Arctic Ocean
Greenland Island
2New Guinea
This is the largest island in the world that is shared by more than one country.
785,753 km²
303,381 sq. mi.
Papua New Guinea

New Guinea on World MapWestern PacificNew Guinea Island
The largest island in Asia is home to the smallest elephant and bear species in the world.
748,168 km²
288,869 sq. mi.
Borneo on World MapWestern PacificBorneo Island
4Madagascar (main island)
Famous for the flora and fauna that exists nowhere else in the world, including lemurs.
587,041 km²
226,658 sq. mi.
MadagascarMadagascar on World MapIndian OceanMadagascar Island
5Baffin Island
The Inuktitut name for Canada’s largest island is ‘Qikiqtaaluk’ which means ‘very big island’.
507,451 km²
195,928 sq. mi.
CanadaBaffin Island on World MapArctic OceanBaffin Island
The equator crosses through the middle of the largest island fully within Indonesian territory.
443,065 km²
171,068 sq. mi.
Indonesia Sumatra on World MapIndian OceanSumatra Island
The name of Japan’s largest Island means ‘main island’, the highest point is Mount Fuji.
225,800 km²
87,200 sq. mi.
JapanHonshu on World MapNorth PacificHonshu Island
8Victoria Island
Canada’s second-largest island is named after the Canadian sovereign from 1867 to 1901.
217,291 km²
83,897 sq. mi.
CanadaVictoria Island on World MapArctic OceanVictoria Island
9Great Britain
Made up of three countries, the earliest known name for the largest island in Europe is Albion.
209,331 km²
80,823 sq. mi.
United KingdomGreat Britain on World MapNorth AtlanticGreat Britain Island
10Ellesmere Island
Canada’s northernmost and third largest island, in 2021 the population was recorded at 144.
196,236 km²
75,767 sq. mi.
CanadaEllesmere Island on World MapArctic OceanEllesmere Island

And if you were expecting to see Australia on this list…

Continental landmasses are not usually classified as islands. The dictionary defines an island as a body of land smaller than a continent, that is wholly surrounded by water. Australia is defined as the smallest continent. The largest continental landmasses (approx. figures) are:

Continental landmassAreaCountries
1Afro-Eurasia79,810,726 km²
30,815,094 sq. mi.
126 countries
2Americas37,699,623 km²
14,555,906 sq. mi.
22 countries
3Antarctica12,272,800 km²
4,738,600 sq. mi.
4Australia7,591,608 km²
2,931,136 sq. mi.

View our video about the top ten worlds largest islands and for more flags and countries facts and fun visit the flagsbook youtube channel.