Flag of Japan

Flag of Japan

Hinomaru (circle of the sun); Nisshōki (flag of sun)

Japan (Nippon or Nihon) is an island country in East Asia, situated in the Pacific Ocean. Its official language is Japanese. Its capital and largest city is Tokyo.

The Japanese flag is commonly known as Hinomaru (circle of the sun); Officially it is called Nisshōki (flag of sun). The simple design of a central red disc over a white background was adopted in February 1870 and was officially recognized in August 1999.

Capital CityArea (World Ranking)2023 Population (World Ranking)CurrencyFlag Ratio (Decimal)Adopted
Tokyo377,975 km² / 145,937 mi²
(62nd)
124,840,000
(11th)
Japanese yen2:3 (1.5)1870

National Anthem of Japan: 君が代 Kimigayo “His Imperial Majesty’s Reign”


What Japan is known as in various languages
al-Yābān – اليابان (Arabic), an tSeapáin (Irish), Chapón (Aragonese), Ǧāpān – ጃፓን (Amharic), il-Ġappun (Maltese), Giappone (Italian), Giapun (Romansh), Hapón (Filipino/Tagalog), Hapõñ (Guarani), Iapan (Scots Gaelic), Iaponia – იაპონია (Georgian, Mingrelian), Iaponía – Ιαπωνία (Greek), Iaponia (Latin), Ilbon – 일본 (Korean), Jaapan (Estonian, Võro), Japan (Afrikaans, Alemannic, Danish, Dutch, Filipino/Tagalog variant, Faroese, German, Norwegian, Swedish), Japán (Hungarian), Japan – Јапан (Serbian), Jāpāna – জাপান (Assamese, Bengali), Jāpāna – जापान (Hindi, Sanskrit), Japāna (Latvian), Japanaya – ජපානය (Sinhala), Japani (Finnish), Japanio (Esperanto), Japanip Inuujarvik (Inuktitut), Japańska (Lower Sorbian), Japão (Portuguese), el Japó (Catalan), J·apon (Franco-Provençal), Japon (French, Interlingua), Zhapon – ژاپن (Persian), Japón (Spanish), Japonia (Albanian, Polish, Romanian), Japonia – Ճապոնիա (Armenian), Japonija (Lithuanian), Japonija – Јапонија (Macedonian), Japonska (Slovene), Japonsko (Czech, Slovak), Japonya (Turkish), Jepang (Indonesian), Jepun (Malay), Jeupun (Acehnese), Ji̍t-pún (Min Nan), Nhật Bản (Vietnamese), Nhật Bổn or Nhật Bủn (Vietnamese, old use), Nippon or Nihon – 日本 (Japanese), Nihun (Quechua), pongu’e (Lojban), Rìběn – 日本 (Mandarin Chinese), Siapan (Welsh), Xapón (Asturian, Galician, Leonese), Yapan – יפן (Hebrew), Yapan – יאַפּאַן (Yiddish), Yaponiya (Azeri), Japon – Жапон (Kyrgyz), Yaponiya – Япoния (Bashkir, Bulgarian, Russian), Yaponiya – Япoнія (Ukrainian), Yipun – ญี่ปุ่น (Thai), ஜப்பான் (Tamil)

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